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The authors investigate how parameters of the model of semi-infinite graphene based on a graphene nanoribbon under periodic boundary conditions affect the accuracy of ab initio calculations of reactions at graphene edges by the example of the first stage of reconstruction of zigzag graphene edges, formation of a pentagon-heptagon pair. It is shown that to converge properly the results, the nanoribbon should consist of at least 6 zigzag rows and periodic images of the pair along the nanoribbon axis should be separated by at least 6 hexagons. The converged reaction energy and activation barrier for formation of an isolated pentagon-heptagon pair are found to be –0.15 eV and 1.61 eV, respectively. It is also revealed that such defects reduce the graphene edge magnetization only locally but ordering of spins at opposite nanoribbon edges switches from the antiparallel (antiferromagnetic) to parallel one (ferromagnetic) upon increasing the defect density.
Yulia G.Polynskaya, Irina V.Lebedeva, Andrey A.Knizhnik, Andrey M.Popov
© 2022, The Author(s)